_ _    _ _____  ___   __                       
 __      _(_) | _(_)___ / ( _ ) / /_   ___ ___  _ __ ___  
 \ \ /\ / / | |/ / | |_ \ / _ \| '_ \ / __/ _ \| '_ ` _ \ 
  \ V  V /| |   <| |___) | (_) | (_) | (_| (_) | | | | | |
   \_/\_/ |_|_|\_\_|____/ \___/ \___(_)___\___/|_| |_| |_|

.il

In today's world, .il remains a topic of great relevance and interest to a wide variety of people. Whether it is a current topic, a historical figure or a fundamental concept, .il has the power to capture attention and generate debate in different areas. In this article, we will thoroughly explore the impact and importance of .il, analyzing its implications in today's society and its relevance in different contexts. Likewise, we will examine how .il has evolved over time and its influence on different aspects of our daily lives. Without a doubt, .il is a fascinating topic that deserves to be analyzed carefully to better understand its importance in today's world.
.il
Israel Internet Association
Introduced24 October 1985 (1985-10-24)
TLD typeCountry code top-level domain
StatusActive
RegistryIsrael Internet Association
SponsorInternet Society of Israel, NIC - ISRAEL[permanent dead link]
Intended useEntities connected with:
Actual usePopular in Israel
Registered domains285,060 (2023-08-19)
Registration restrictionsLimitations vary based on which 2nd-level domain registration is within; registry reserves right to screen and reject applications
StructureNames are registered at third-level within generic second-level categories; second-level name registry directly under .il not supported
DocumentsRegistration rules
Dispute policiesOptional dispute resolution via Advisory Committee
DNSSECyes
Registry websiteen.isoc.org.il
.ישראל
Introduced22 November 2022 (2022-11-22)
TLD typeInternationalized country code top-level domain
StatusActive
RegistryIsrael Internet Association
SponsorInternet Society of Israel
Intended useEntities connected with  Israel with content in the Hebrew alphabet
Registered domains22,186 (2023-08-19)
Registration restrictionsOnly Hebrew alphabet, digits, hyphens can be used.
StructureNames to be registered either at second-level directly under ישראל. or at third-level within generic second-level categories
DocumentsRegistration rules
DNS namexn--4dbrk0ce
Registry websiteכולנו.ישראל

.il is the Internet country code top-level domain (ccTLD) of Israel, administered by the Israel Internet Association and managed by NIC - ISRAEL[permanent dead link], which hosts the DNS root server and manages the Israeli Internet Exchange, that supports IPv4 and IPv6.

The .il top-level domain is one of the earliest registered ccTLDs. When Israel registered it, on 24 October 1985, it was the third registration of any ccTLD, after .us and .uk, which were registered earlier that year.

As of 19 August 2023 there are 285,060 domain names registered under the .il ccTLD in Israel.

Top-level domains in Hebrew script

On 19 May 2020, ICANN approved the use of the ישראל.‎ domain, that was proposed in 2012. It was delegated on 11 February 2021, and since 22 November 2022 it is possible to register domain names in full Hebrew script.

Unlike the structure of .il, domain names registered under ישראל. may be either directly at second-level (for example: איגוד-האינטרנט.ישראל) or at third-level under one of these second-level domains:

  • אקדמיה.ישראל.: Academic institutions; equivalent to .ac.il.
  • ממשל.ישראל.: Government and Governmental System; equivalent to .gov.il.
  • צהל.ישראל.: Israel Defense Forces; equivalent to .idf.il.
  • ישוב.ישראל.: Municipal Government; equivalent to .muni.il.

There will not be a Hebrew-script equivalent to these second-level domains:

  • .co.il
  • .org.il
  • .k12.il
  • .net.il

As a more private initiative the top-level domain .קום ("com") was registered by VeriSign in 2016. It has as of 2020 many thousand second-level domains, mostly in Hebrew script, some in Latin script.

Second-level domains

Domain names ending with .il will always be in the third level under one of these second-level domains:

  • .ac.il: Academic Institutions; administration delegated to the Inter-University Computation Center.
  • .co.il: Commercial Entities; administration delegated to five private registrars.
  • .org.il: Non-commercial Organizations; administration delegated to five private registrars.
  • .net.il: Israeli Internet service providers; available only to licensed providers by the Israel Internet Association.
  • .k12.il: Schools and Kindergartens
  • .gov.il: Government and Governmental System; administration delegated to Ministry of Finance.
  • .muni.il: Municipal Government
  • .idf.il: Israel Defense Forces; administration delegated to the army's Center of Computing and Information Systems.

Registration of other second-level domain names directly under .il is not supported.

Hebrew third level domains such as איגוד-האינטרנט.org.il are available since 2010.

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c "Statistics". Israel Internet Association. 19 August 2023. Retrieved 19 August 2023.
  2. ^ ccTLD ישראל. Domains – Frequently Asked Questions
  3. ^ a b IANA's Delegation Record, at the bottom of the page.
  4. ^ "About Us". Israel Internet Association - ISOC-IL. Retrieved 10 June 2014.
  5. ^ "Delegation Record for .US". IANA. Retrieved 10 June 2014.
  6. ^ "Delegation Record for .UK". IANA. Retrieved 10 June 2014.
  7. ^ "".ישראל " – New Israeli country code top-level domain (ccTLD)". ISOC. Retrieved 16 June 2020.
  8. ^ "ICANN Announces Successful String Evaluation for Israel IDN ccTLD". ICANN. Retrieved 16 June 2020.
  9. ^ "IDN ccTLD Form of Interest - Israel". ICANN. Retrieved 25 February 2012.
  10. ^ "עצמאות אינטרנטית כחול-לבן: מהיום ניתן לרשום שמות מתחם בעברית באופן מלא". ISOC-IL. Retrieved 22 November 2022.
  11. ^ "Registration rules for ישראל. (in Hebrew)" (PDF).
  12. ^ "Rules for the Allocation of Domain Names Under the Israel Country Code Top Level Domain ("IL ")". Israel Internet Association - ISOC-IL. August 2010. Retrieved 10 June 2014.
  13. ^ Hebrew Domain Names Archived 10 August 2014 at the Wayback Machine

External links