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Gračanica, Bosnia and Herzegovina

_ The issue of Gračanica, Bosnia and Herzegovina is an issue that has captured the attention of academics, scientists, and enthusiasts alike. Gračanica, Bosnia and Herzegovina has long been the subject of debate and study, and its importance has transcended various disciplines. Over the years, it has been possible to see how Gračanica, Bosnia and Herzegovina has evolved and adapted to changes in society and technology. In this article, we will explore the roots and contemporary impact of Gračanica, Bosnia and Herzegovina, as well as possible implications for the future.
Gračanica
Грачаница
Grad Gračanica
Град Грачаница
City of Gračanica
Coat of arms of Gračanica
Location of Gračanica within Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Location of Gračanica within Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Coordinates: 44°41′21″N 18°18′08″E / 44.68917°N 18.30222°E / 44.68917; 18.30222
Country Bosnia and Herzegovina
EntityFederation of Bosnia and Herzegovina
Canton Tuzla
Government
 • MayorNusret Helić (SDP BiH)
Area
 • City216 km2 (83 sq mi)
Population
 (2013 census)
 • City45,220
 • Density210/km2 (540/sq mi)
 • Urban
13,400
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Area code+387 35
Websitewww.opcina-gracanica.ba

Gračanica (Cyrillic: Грачаница) is a city located in Tuzla Canton of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, an entity of Bosnia and Herzegovina. It is located in northeastern Bosnia and Herzegovina, east of Doboj and west of Tuzla. As of 2013, it has a population of 45,220 inhabitants.

Gračanica

Gračanica is located in the lower valley of the River Sokoluša along the main road from Tuzla to Doboj, about 50 km west of Tuzla.

Settlements

History

The earliest documented references to Gračanica date back to 1528 in Ottoman archives, where it was identified for its iron mine. Approximately 4 km (2.5 mi) from the town, a medieval fortress named Sokol existed. Gračanica attained town status in 1548. During the 17th century, it underwent expansion facilitated by Ahmed-paša Budimlija, who constructed the White Mosque, a public bath, and a clock tower. Under the Austrian Empire, Gračanica witnessed substantial economic, urban, and cultural advancements. From 1929 to 1941, Gračanica was part of the Vrbas Banovina within the Kingdom of Yugoslavia.

Climate

In January, the average temperature is 1.8 °C (35.2 °F), while in July, it rises to 23.3 °C (73.9 °F).

This region is known for its limited precipitation, with an annual average of 830mm/m2. The highest precipitation occurs in May (121mm) and June (101mm), while March records the lowest (41mm). Snowfall is most frequent in January, February, and March, with an average of 50 days per year. Gračanica exhibits a continental climate type.

Demographics

Population

Population of settlements – Gračanica municipality
Settlement 1961. 1971. 1981. 1991. 2013.
Total 30,203 46,950 54,311 59,134 45,220
1 Babići 1,831 1,897
2 Doborovci 1,999 1,854
3 Donja Lohinja 1,091 1,149
4 Džakule 2,306 1,929
5 Gračanica 9,477 12,103 12,712 13,400
6 Lendići 318 237
7 Lukavica 3,231 2,762
8 Malešići 2,964 2,853
9 Miričina 2,517 2,266
10 Orahovica Donja 4,304 3,966
11 Orahovica Gornja 2,035 1,771
12 Piskavica 808 720
13 Pribava 1,682 2,096
14 Prijeko Brdo 464 386
15 Rašljeva 758 691
16 Škahovica 1,423 1,400
17 Soko 1,920 1,746
18 Stjepan Polje 3,347 3,466
19 Vranovići 1,074 1,001

Ethnic composition

Ethnic composition – Gračanica city
2013. 1991. 1981. 1971.
Total 13,400 (100,0%) 12,712 (100,0%) 12,103 (100,0%) 9,477 (100,0%)
Bosniaks 10,282 (80,88%) 9,604 (79,35%) 8,225 (86,79%)
Serbs 1,169 (9,196%) 1,000 (8,262%) 934 (9,855%)
Yugoslavs 900 (7,080%) 1,284 (10,61%) 98 (1,034%)
Others 314 (2,470%) 104 (0,859%) 71 (0,749%)
Croats 47 (0,370%) 67 (0,554%) 99 (1,045%)
Montenegrins 31 (0,256%) 34 (0,359%)
Macedonians 6 (0,050%) 6 (0,063%)
Albanians 5 (0,041%) 7 (0,074%)
Slovenes 1 (0,008%) 2 (0,021%)
Hungarians 1 (0,008%) 1 (0,011%)
Ethnic composition – Gračanica municipality
2013. 1991. 1981. 1971. 1961.
Total 45,220 (100,0%) 59,134 (100,0%) 54,311 (100,0%) 46,950 (100,0%) 30,203 (100,0%)
Bosniaks 43,857 (96,99%) 42,599 (72,04%) 38,189 (70,32%) 33,135 (70,58%) 20,726 (68,62%)
Others 1,134 (2,508%) 1,315 (2,224%) 288 (0,530%) 219 (0,466%) 77 (0,250%)
Serbs 157 (0,347%) 13,558 (22,93%) 13,226 (24,35%) 13 135 (27,98%) 8,543 (28,29%)
Croats 72 (0,159%) 132 (0,223%) 135 (0,249%) 199 (0,424%) 171 (0,570%)
Yugoslavs 1,530 (2,587%) 2,359 (4,344%) 184 (0,392%) 686 (2,270%)
Montenegrins 50 (0,092%) 45 (0,096%)
Roma 24 (0,044%) 1 (0,002%)
Albanians 20 (0,037%) 10 (0,021%)
Macedonians 13 (0,024%) 9 (0,019%)
Slovenes 5 (0,009%) 7 (0,015%)
Hungarians 2 (0,004%) 6 (0,013%)

Notable people

Twin towns – sister cities

Gračanica is twinned with:

Sports

References

  1. ^ "Grad (Menu) → Bratimljeni gradovi". gracanica.gov.ba (in Bosnian). Gračanica. Retrieved 2019-12-23.
  • Official results from the book: Ethnic composition of Bosnia-Herzegovina population, by municipalities and settlements, 1991. census, Zavod za statistiku Bosne i Hercegovine - Bilten no.234, Sarajevo 1991.

External links